This TMA is in two parts. Part 1 is concerned with helping you prepare for the EMA by starting to identify a suitable subject and then gain some initial feedback on this from your tutor. Part 2 and its associated briefing is concerned principally with the technique of technology road mapping covered in Block 3. For the final question, however, you may want to draw upon material in Block 2 and Block 3. Word limit: 2500 (total for Parts 1 and 2). Important note: Before starting Part 1 of this TMA you should familiarise yourself with the format and requirements of both TMA03 and the EMA to avoid any confusion or misunderstanding that might arise about the relationship between what Part 1 of this TMA requires you to do and what is covered in TMA03 and the EMA. Also note that you cannot base any of your answers to any part of this TMA on the case studies that accompany T848 (i.e. the material presented as module resources and for Block 5). Part 1 Question 1 Select an example of technological innovation that can be used as the basis for the range of work you need to do for your EMA (note that we will refer to this example as your ‘case study’ from hereon). Your case study might be something that you have direct experience of in your own organisation or that you have close involvement with in some way. Alternatively, it might be one that interests you and for which there is a significant amount of secondary literature that provides the detailed information you will need for Part 1 of this TMA, Part 1 of TMA03 and the EMA. Your case study can be drawn from any sector but if you are looking beyond your own organisation the following sectors may be likely to present useful cases: IT; construction; aerospace; biotechnology; telecommunications; defence; health care; pharmaceuticals; public or government services; logistics and retail; banking and finance; energy, sustainability and the environment, etc. In your EMA you will be expected to produce a critique of your chosen case study, so when selecting your example, it is useful to consider the perspective from which you will carry out the critique, and the reasons why it will make an interesting case study. For example, choosing a broad category of technological innovation, such as Artificial Intelligence, may be tempting, but without focussing, e.g. on a specific project, organisation or application, writing a critique that builds on the concepts, tools and models explored in T848 will be difficult. Write a short proposal that describes and explains your chosen example and clearly explains why you define your case study as an innovation. Your definition must be consistent with the discussion of innovation in Block 1 and elsewhere in T848. This is an important part of the TMA as it provides an opportunity to start to engage with your tutor about your EMA and get early feedback on your plans. (10 marks) Part 2 Brief For the next two questions, please choose an emerging technology with which you are familiar. Note, this must be a different technology than the one you have chosen for your EMA. The technology may be at a very early stage, such as a new scientific discovery that has potential for a new innovative technology. Alternatively, the technology might have already undergone some development but requires further work before it can become viable as a commercial product or a fully implemented technology. The important point, however, is that the technology is undergoing an episode of innovation (refer to the list in Question 1 for sectors that may be likely to present useful examples). You should be careful to ensure that you are presenting an example of a technology, rather than simply an incremental improvement to a technology. Furthermore, the focus of the roadmap (see below) should be a technology and not just a technology project. For example, it is unlikely that implementation of a revised operating system, such as a move from one version of Windows to another, or the upgrade of an app, would be suitable for this TMA as they represent implementation projects rather than examples of innovation. Question 2 Give a brief introduction and explanation (approximately 500 words) of the technology that you have chosen and then produce a technology road map that sets out the following: Key milestones and activities that have already occurred during the development of the technology. Milestones in technical development required in the future. Milestones in the technology’s market required in the future. Key activities that will support the future technical and commercial development of the project. Other factors, in the past or future, that you see are relevant, e.g. capability development. The road map should clearly show the development up to the present time. It should also show the anticipated future development of the innovation. You should choose a format for your road map that matches the needs of the technology. The paper by Phaal et al. (2004) provides a detailed discussion of various formats. You need to develop a format that will be helpful when making decisions about the innovation’s pathway. Phaal, R., Farrukh, C.J.P. and Probert, D.R. (2004) ‘Technology roadmapping – a planning framework for evolution and revolution’, Technological Forecasting and Social Change vol. 71, nos 1–2, pp. 5–26. View the paper at https://www.open.ac.uk/ libraryservices/ resource/ doi:10.1016/ s0040-1625(03)00072-6 (30 marks) Question 3 Based on your road map, write a report of approximately 1500 words that sets out the following: The rationale for the format (of the road map) you have chosen to use. This should include not just the structure of your map but also the level of detail that you have decided to show. (20 marks) With reference to your road map, explain what you think the key issues are that will need to be addressed in the future development of the technology. (40 marks)