The multiplication of happiness is, according to the utilitarian ethics, the object of virtue: the occasions on which any person (except one in a thousand) has it in his power to do this on an extended scale, in other words to be a public benefactor, are but exceptional; and on these occasions alone is he called on to consider public utility; in every other case, private utility, the interest or happiness of some few persons, is all he has to attend to. Those alone the influence of whose actions extends to society in general, need concern themselves habitually about so large an object. (Mill, 109)
1) Explain the quote in context, 2) Provide your assessment of the position that Mill puts forward in the quote about the responsibility of public benefactors versus everyday individual’s responsibility to consider and achieve public utility. Make sure to provide an argument for your assessment.
Provide the opposing position to your argument. In other words, provide a discussion against your assessment of Mill’s views of the responsibility of everyday individuals versus that of a public benefactor.