1.10. Explain the Whistler quote below + your reaction to it:
Art should be independent of all clap-trap—should stand alone, and appeal to the artistic sense
of eye or ear, without confounding this with emotions entirely foreign to it, as devotion, love, pity,
patriotism, and the like.
-From whistler article

2. Like globalization itself, the 19C Worlds Fairs had positive as well as negative effects, many of which are readily visible even today. Evaluate the positive & negative aspects of the Fairs/Expos as “Gateways to Globalism,” .