In a paper of no more than 5 pages, explain the major developments leading up to the rise of the early Islamic empire. In your argument, be sure to provide reasons for the successful territorial expansion from the last years of the Prophet Muhammad’s life in Medina through the era of Umayyad rule. Your argument should make use of the historical facts, being sure to highlight some of the most significant developments along the way. Your answer should also include a discussion of the continuity and changes in Arabia before and after the advent of Islam.