The Research Essay Prompt Compose a research paper that is argumentative and analytical, which analyzes sources and incorporates appropriate research material. You may choose practically any subject to analyze, but keep in mind that the teacher may steer you away from subjects that don’t seem to fit the assignment. For example, if your working thesis is factual and not analytical, your teacher will not accept your subject and you will have to either start over or find a controversial aspect of your subject. If you follow directions, this won’t likely happen at all.